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Author Guidelines

All submitted manuscripts must be original and free of plagiarism. They cannot have been previously published or are currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. 

Before submission, please confirm that your manuscript has been carefully adjusted to follow the journal’s guidelines. All items on the Submission Preparation Checklist need to be completed before you can proceed with your submission. As part of this process, authors are required to confirm their submission’s compliance with all the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors if manuscripts do not follow these guidelines. 

Most common reasons for desk rejection:

1. Plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) or other unethical reasons. Papers will be checked with TURNITIN software. Whenever any ATTEMPT OF FRAUD is detected, papers are rejected. Their authors may enter a blacklist due to scientific misconduct and will not be allowed to publish in the journal in the future. 

2. Case studies that do not allow any generalization of conclusions and implications or make poor contributions. This is a frequent reason for desk rejection. However, there are case studies that make relevant contributions and are sent for review.

3. Inappropriate methods or poor quality of data.

4. Lack of originality. Not justifying originality and not addressing a research gap.

5. Poor English.

6. Poor structure. The most common is the Discussion section missing. The same for Theoretical and practical implications. Discussion should be an autonomous section and not presented together with the conclusions. Conclusions should be brief and respond to the objectives of the research. Additionally, Conclusions may include subsections for Theoretical Implications, Practical Implications, and Limitations and Future Research.

7. Out of scope.

8. Topic of limited interest for the journal readership. Because the journal receives a much higher number of submissions than it can send to review, this is a common reason for desk rejection.

9. Incomplete references or not in APA style. If authors are not able to be accurate in referencing and organizing the references list, how can their research be reliable?



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Compliance with the journal's guidelines:

    Before submission, please confirm that your manuscript has been carefully adjusted to follow the journal’s guidelines. All items on this Submission Preparation Checklist need to be completed before you can proceed with your submission. As part of this process, authors are required to confirm their submission’s compliance with all the following items.

  2. Originality:

    • The authors declare that the submitter paper is original and free of plagiarism.
    • The authors declare that the submitted paper has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. 
  3. Language issues:

    • All the journal’s papers are published in English (British English is preferable). The title, abstract and keywords are also published in a second language which may be Portuguese or Spanish. When needed, the journal can provide a free translation of titles, abstracts and keywords into Portuguese.

    • After approval, manuscripts need to be professionally proofread by an English native proofreader before the final version of the paper is uploaded. The presentation of a proofreading certificate is mandatory (except for English native authors) . The quality of Papers after proofreading will be checked by the journal before publication, and Papers still may be rejected in this phase (after approval) if the English quality is not considered satisfactory. Minor corrections may be done by the journal during the editing/formatting phase.  
  4. Manuscript length:

    Tourism & Management Studies publishes full papers and short communications. Full papers should consist of 6,000–9,000 words, including references, and make a significant national or international contribution to the relevant field. The Editorial Board may, however, accept longer papers if they are of special interest to the journal. The same applies to Short Communications (4000-6000 words). Please note that the journal rarely publishes Short Communications. Before submitting a Short Communication authors should contact the editor ( 

  5. Manuscript structure:

    Each manuscript must include an abstract of up to 180 words and no more than 6 keywords in English and in either Portuguese or Spanish. When needed, the journal can provide a free translation of these items into Portuguese. The abstract should state the research’s purpose, main results and major conclusions in a concise, factual manner. The abstract also needs to represent the essence of the research and be able to stand alone. References are not permitted, and abbreviations should be avoided. However, if the latter are essential, they must be defined with the full associated term at their first mention and be used more than once in the abstract.

    Each manuscript should have a suitable structure, preferably including an Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusions, followed by References. Words or expressions to be printed in italics or other special formats must be clearly indicated.

  6. Manuscript anonymisation:

    Before submitting a paper, please make sure that the authors’ identities have been removed from the manuscript, including from the document’s Properties information. If one of the authors’ previous works is cited in the paper, only the word ‘Author’ and year should be inserted in the References instead of that author’s name, paper title and so on. Once the blind-review process is concluded, references to the manuscript authors’ existing publications should be completed.

  7. Manuscripts’ formal aspects:

    a) Formatting: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Microsoft Word file, in a Calibri 9 pt font and with the line spacing set as Multiple 1.15.

    b) Internal organisation: All sections should be given a heading and numbered to a maximum of two levels of subheadings (i.e. 1.1 and 1.1.1).

    c) Tables and figures must be included in the text in an editable format, especially all items produced using Microsoft Office. In the case of other types of files, make sure that they are high resolution. If the text includes equations, they must be inserted in an editable format. Any automatic insertion of tables, figures or references (e.g. produced by EndNote or other reference-generating software) is not permitted.

    d) APA style: In-text citations or references to specific works in the main text, as well as the references list, must be formatted strictly according to APA 6th or 7th Edition guidelines. All references or citations made in the text should be listed in the References section, and the latter can only contain sources cited within the text, tables and figures. An extremely important point to keep in mind is that incomplete references will not be accepted.


    The list of references must be presented in alphabetical order in APA style. For example:

    Bowdin, G., Allen, J., O’Toole, W., Harris, R., & McDonnel, I. (2008). Events management. London: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.

    Pezenka, I. & Weismayer,  (2020). Which factors influence locals’ and visitors’ overall restaurant evaluations?. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 32(9), 2793-2812.

    Upton, M. (2004). Crowd safety planning for major concert events. In C. Kemp, & I. Hill (Eds.), Health and safety aspects in the live music industry (pp. 143–161). Cambridge: Entertainment Technology Press.

    World Bank. (2004). Beyond economic growth. Retrieved from

    Note: The correct use of et al. in APA-style references is as follows. The first time that a source with 3 to 5 authors is cited or referred to in the text, all surnames are included, followed by the publication year (Smith, Parsons & Jones, 2001). In all subsequent citations, only the name of the first author is included, followed by et al. without italics (Smith et al., 2001). When a cited source has six or more authors, only the first author’s surname is included, followed by et al. in any citations in the text. An exception to this rule is when more than one source with the same first author and publication year is cited in your paper, in which case the second or more authors’ surnames must be included to avoid any possible confusion.

    e) Acknowledgments should appear after the Conclusions section and before the References list.

    f) No footnotes or endnotes are permitted.

  8. Author information:

    Each author should upload separately a short curriculum vitae with a maximum of five lines, including a full name, address, e-mail, telephone number, academic degree, professional status, research centre (if relevant), department, school or faculty, university and ORCID number (if available).

  9. The journal cannot be held responsible for the concepts, ideas or opinions of submitting authors. However, inclusive language should be used, and no form of discrimination is tolerated in the journal’s published contents.


Copyright Notice

The journal retains published articles’ copyrights, but they are simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND), which allows individuals’ to share the relevant papers as long as authorship and publication in this journal are duly acknowledged.


Privacy Statement

Names and adresses used in this journal will be used only for this publication and will not be provided to others for other purposes.